Original Title: Au-dela des passe-moniagnes du Sud-Est mexicain, Collection Breve / Meteorite (3), Paris 1996
Infatuation with the Zapatistas reveals the crisis in broad sectors of the libertarian milieu that are incapable of defending internationalist positions in the face of the consequences of the capitalist globalisation that is taking place. One moves from Marcos to Guy Debord without the slightest hesitation, social movements in open revolt against the system are put at the same level as the great patriotic masses of the EZLN. Everything is the same and lack of clarity abounds. Even more serious is this mileu's willing submission to the identity-based and nationalist ideas that are at the hearts of the Zapatista project. The EZLN is double-dealing the young lumpen-proletarians who make up its base. It provides them with a collective identity at a time of intense social destructuring, but channels their revolt into a military framework, thus making it controllable and negotiable inhgih places. The EZLN is a factor of social pacification in Chiapas today and its leaders do not hesitate to point this out. Unfortunately, in Chiapas we are far from seeing the beginnings of a transformation of social relations, let alone a subversion of capitalist relations.